Implant: Overview and things need to know
As dentistry gets more and more advanced, dental implantation has grown to become a trusted procedure, both cosmetically and functionally.
Read on to find out what dental implants are and all the essential information you should keep in mind before considering this procedure.
What is dental implantation?
Dental implantation is a medical procedure used to restore one or several lost teeth. The implant post is a small screw that has the average size of a real tooth root. This post is made of titanium and planted deep in the jaw bone.
Dental implants may be categorized based on the technique required to restore the number of lost teeth or based on the manufacturer of the implants.
Based on the number of lost teeth
Implants can be used when one, several, or even a whole set of teeth is missing.
1. One-tooth implant
If you are only missing one tooth, the best solution is to get a crown over the implant, not a bridge as it may affect adjacent teeth.
2. Multiple-tooth implant
If you are missing several teeth, the implants will act as supporting posts for the bridge which will replace the lost teeth.
After the procedure, you will get back the comfort of eating and chewing, as well as enjoy a confidence boost when smiling because dental implants look exactly like natural teeth.
3. Total dental implant
If you are missing all the teeth in one jaw, the implantation procedure will allow your new set of teeth to be secured into your jaw bone.
Compared to removal dentures, advantages of this technique include stability and prevention of bone loss.
Based on the manufacturers
Here’s a list of the most commonly used dental implants in dentistry.
1. Nobel Biocare dental implants
This type of implants is highly praised by dentists due to its special structure.
The post is covered in a TiUnite biofilm which encourages osseointegration, making it occur faster compared to other implants.
This type of implants is not only high quality but also great at helping dentists reduce the procedure duration.
2. Straumann dental implants
Straumann dental implants are made of pure titanium. As a result, they help promote osseointegration, giving stable and long-term results. The placement incision heals quickly with high biocompatibility.
3. Dentium dental implants
This type of implants provides the largest contact between the implant and the jaw bone surface. The jaw bone will quickly integrate with the implant post and stabilize on the surface of the implant if a sinus lift is required. Thanks to this, dentists will feel more comfortable during the implantation, minimizing sliding and bone loss around the implant post.
4. MIS implants
MIS implants have special thread design, dual stability mechanism, and quality surface, allowing for excellent primary mechanical stability. Simplistic designs with a variety of sizes make MIS implants a great choice as they enable a simpler procedure, efficient osseointegration, and excellent results.
Generally, best dental implants are long-lasting. With proper care, they may last up to 20 years and more.
Benefits of dental implants
Dental implantation can be considered as an extraordinary advance in dentistry as it provides the most natural replacements for real teeth.
- Improve tooth functions: Dental implants not only look the same as real teeth but also function exactly like them. Designed to be highly compatible with jaw bone, dental implants may last a very long time.
- Limit loss of jaw bone: The implant posts will be permanently integrated to the jaw bone. The density of the bone surrounding the implants will be maintained, minimizing bone loss at the site of the lost teeth.
- Increase comfort: Since the implants will become part of your real teeth, you won’t have to tolerate the discomfort and inconvenience caused by dentures.
- Protect oral health: Dental implants don’t affect adjacent teeth. Since these teeth are intact, it’s easier to maintain good oral health and practice proper oral hygiene.
Dental implantation procedure
To make sure the implantation can be carried out smoothly with long-lasting results, it’s advisable to follow your dentist’s instructions before, during, and after the procedure.
Precautions when preparing for dental implantation
Before the implantation, you may be required to:
- Cleanse your mouth thoroughly: You may rinse with an antibacterial mouthwash before the implantation.
- Avoid eating during the 6 hours prior to the implantation: During the procedure, you will be put under anesthesia which may cause nausea if you have eaten before. This may jeopardize your procedure.
- De-stress: Before implantation, excessive anxiety and fear are not recommended. Dental implantation is neither extremely painful nor dangerous. So, just relax! You may consult with your doctor about using anti-anxiety medications if you feel like you are not stable enough for the procedure.
Dental implantation: Step by step
Depending on the actual dentist, the steps of a dental implantation procedure may slightly differ. However, there are several basic steps, such as:
1. Preliminary dental exam
Before implantation, your dentist will conduct a general dental examination, including a CT scan of your full jaws to evaluate your condition and pick an appropriate type of implant posts.
If you have an oral disease, you will have to treat it before carrying on with the implant.
2. Cleansing and sedation
Your oral cavity will be cleansed thoroughly, particularly at the sites of implantation. Then, your dentist will put you under local anesthesia to control pain during the procedure.
3. Implant placement
Your dentist will use certain dental techniques to open the gum and carry out implant placement. Placement of a single implant usually takes around 30 minutes. After that, your dentist will make a model of your teeth to make temporary crowns which will be put over your implant posts for cosmetic reasons.
4. Placement of ceramic crowns on the implant posts
After 1 - 3 months, depending on your state of health, your dentist will finish putting the ceramic crowns on your implant posts. After the implantation is completed, follow-ups are required so your dentist can keep an eye on your implants and make sure they stay well.
Dental implantation aftercare
After an implantation procedure, gum swelling and bruising are to be expected. You may use common pain relievers such as ibuprofen to soothe pain and discomfort.
To prevent infection, don’t eat anything within the 1 hour after the procedure. Therefore, make time to eat well before. Also, don’t rinse your mouth with salt water within 24 hours after the procedure and don’t touch the implantation site with your tongue or toothpicks.
Dental implantation is getting more and more well-known as the perfect solution to restore oral health. To have a safe and effective implantation procedure, you should have all the information before choosing a dental clinic for your procedure. A team of highly experienced dentists and state-of-the-art equipment will ensure that you leave the clinic with the healthy teeth of your dreams.
You can have a look at our dental treatment cost guide or contact us for further information.