5 Things to Know about Dental Implantation
Before getting a dental implant to improve your health and appearance, plenty of information and preparation is required. Although this procedure isn’t extremely painful and has a high success rate, it comes with its own risks.
1. What is dental implantation?
Even with good oral hygiene, loss of teeth may still occur due to injuries, cavities, or periodontitis.
If that’s the case, your dentist will place a dental implant in the place of your lost tooth to maintain a sightly appearance and important functions such as chewing or speaking.
The first step of dental implantation is visiting a dental clinic to have a general exam of your oral health and treat any existing oral conditions, as well as draw up the best implantation of teeth plan for you.
During the procedure, your dentist will first clean your mouth and administer local anesthesia to the surgical site.
Then, they will place the implant post into your gum and put a temporary crown on it for cosmetic reasons. After 1 to 3 months, a ceramic crown will be put in place.
2. What are the parts of a dental implant?
A dental implant consists of:
A titanium post: This part has the same structure and function as a real tooth root. Based on the thickness of your jaw bone grafting and the implant site, your dentist will pick the most suitable one for you.
An abutment: This part helps connect the titanium post to the crown and support the crown.
A crown: This crown serves the role of a real tooth. Your dentist will pick a crown with a shape and color that blends in with the rest of your teeth. A dental crown often has a hollow space inside so it can be put on the abutment.
3. Why should you get dental implants?
In the past, if you are missing some teeth, you can make an improvement by getting dentures or bridges. However, these two options have several disadvantages:
Dentures: Your dentist can make a removable denture to replace your lost teeth. Unfortunately, dentures often get in the way of your activities, lack stability and negatively affect your ability to chew and pronounce properly.
Moreover, you will have to frequently adjust your denture or make a new one after a while.
Bridges: A bridge consists of two crowns on either side of the gap and and false teeth in between.
Bridges work fairly well for maintaining your chewing function but it involves recontouring the two teeth at either side of the gap to prepare them for the crowns. This means your real teeth will be affected.
Furthermore, the jaw bone beneath the gap will wear down with time, taking a toll on the appearance of the whole set of teeth.
Recent developments in dental implantation have overcome these disadvantages.
Dental implants not only chew well but also look exactly like real ones. In addition, they may last very long with proper care. They also prevent bone loss.
4. Who is eligible for dental implants?
In general, anyone who is healthy enough for tooth extraction can have dental implants. However, there are certain criteria for surgery, such as:
18 years of age
Being mentally stable
No existing chronic disease
Good oral hygiene
Fully developed jaw bone that is strong enough to sustain the implant
No oral diseases. Any existing oral disease must be treated before dental implantation can be considered.
No substance addiction, including alcohol and tobacco. If you have one, you must quit at least 2 weeks before and after the procedure.
5. How to deal with dental implant complications?
After the procedure, it’s possible that osseointegration doesn’t occur, causing the implant to become loose.
Apart from osseointegration failure, the endostealimplant may also fall off if you have a habit of grinding your teeth, don’t practice good oral hygiene, use recreational drugs, or are in the middle of cancer treatment.
If you notice your implant getting loose or the surrounding gums getting swollen and inflamed, you should visit your dentist for an X-ray of your jaw bone.
If your jaw bone is still healthy, your dentist will clean the implant site and replace it.
If your jaw bone is already damaged, you will need a bone graft and wait until the bone has fully healed before getting a new implant.
To minimize your risk, it’s important to make sure you are healthy enough and have completed any treatment plan you may have at the moment. Besides, you should also floss and brush your teeth twice per day to maintain good oral hygiene.
Dental implantation isn’t a complicated procedure but to get the best results, you need to make sure you are physically ready for the surgery. If it’s successful, your new dental implant will boost your confidence for years to come.
You can have a look at our dental treatment cost guide or contact us for further information.